Australian discrimination laws

Section 116 of the Australian Constitution provides that:
The Commonwealth of Australia shall not make any law establishing any religion, or for imposing any religious observance, or for prohibiting the free exercise of any religion, and no religious test shall be required as a qualification for any office or public trust under the Commonwealth.

The High Court of Australia defined religion in 1983 as "a complex of beliefs and practices which point to a set of values and an understanding of the meaning of existence".

The Australian Human Rights Commission Act 1986 legislates against discrimination in employment on the basis of race, colour, sex, religion, political opinion, national extraction, social origin, age, medical record, criminal record, marital status, impairment, disability, nationality, sexual preference, trade union activity within any Commonwealth body or agency.

The following laws operate at a federal level and the Australian Human Rights Commission has statutory responsibilities under them:

The following State and Territory laws govern locally:

A brief guide to these laws can be found at the Australian Human Rights Commissions website.

Australian law including the Australian Constitution can be researched at the Australasian Legal Information Institute website.